Cultivated in Uppsala, Sweden, Anonymous s. n. (lectotype, designated by Schönbeck-Temesy 1972: LINN! Solanum melongena can be distinguished from S. cerasiferum by its obtuse to cordate leaf bases (versus attenuate leaf bases in S. cerasiferum) and rounded leaf lobes (versus rounded to acute leaf lobes in S. cerasiferum). Solanaceae is a family of flowering plants that includes agricultural species such as tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), eggplant (S. melongena), pepper (Capsicum annuum), and potato (S. tuberosum). Accessed: 09-Oct-10. Potato (Solanum tuberosum) and Tomato (Lycopersicon lycopersicum= Lycopersicum esculentum) are the most common articles for cooking. Domestication took place in the area between India, Myanmar and China, where many primitive or weedy eggplant types are still found. Wetland Status. 2008. Origin and domestication of the brinjal eggplant, Solanum melongena from S. incanum in Africa and Asia. State documented: documented Bot. Unlike most of the genus, the eggplant and its relatives are from the Old World; most eggplant wild relatives are from Africa. angustum S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena var. Solanum carolinense: inflorescence with mostly 3–6 flowers, corolla 20–30 mm wide, light purple to white, and berry 1–1.5 cm long, yellow (vs. S. melongena, with the inflorescence with 1-3 flowers, corolla 30–50 mm wide, purple to light purple, and berry 5–30 cm long, black, purple, pink, brown, yellow, or … 2002; 29(1):84-86. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. IV. 2013. Ancient Chinese literature reveals pathways of eggplant domestication. Leaves simple, the blades 10-23 cm long, 9-15 cm wide, 1.5-2 times longer than wide, ovate, chartaceous, drying discolorous; adaxial surface yellow-green to red-brown, moderately stellate-pubescent to glabrescent; abaxial surface glaucous, moderately stellate-pubescent to glabrescent, with porrect, sessile or stalked trichomes, the stalks to 0.2, the rays 5-8, 0.3-1 mm long, the midpoints ca. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Like the fruit crop cultivars of S. aethiopicum, it often exhibits fasciation in the flowers with an increase in the number of flower parts up to 8 and straight thick styles not exserted further than 2 mm beyond the anthers. Related Links. Your help is appreciated. Calyx 10-40 mm long in long-styled flowers, 7-10 mm long in short-styled flowers, moderately stellate-pubescent, with 0(-30) prickles, the lobes 5-17 mm long in long-styled flowers, 3.5-5 mm long in short-styled flowers, deltate to narrow-deltate, apically acute to long-acuminate. * Selvamuthukumaran T, Arivudainambi S (2005) Helicoverpa armigera Hübner on brinjal, Solanum melongena Linn. On trouve Solanum melongena à l’état sauvage dans la région du Myanmar et du Yunnan où il s’est formé à partir du complexe Solanum incanum, qui avait précédemment migré vers l’Asie à partir du Proche-Orient et de l’Afrique de l’Est. depressum L. Solanum melongena var. Gonçalves AE. Wild relatives of the eggplant (Solanum melongena L.: Solanaceae): new understanding of species names in a complex group. Foliage: Hairy leaves are ovate (egg-shaped) to ovate-oblong (elongated egg shape). donations to help keep this site free and up to date for The Latin name 'melongena' has its roots in the Italian name 'melanzane', which derives from 'mela insane' meaning 'mad apple'. Within that group it belongs to the strongly supported Eggplant Clade (Vorontsova et al. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats). We depend on Wild Solanum melongena is found in the area of Myanmar–Yunnan where it developed from the Solanum incanum complex, which had previously migrated into Asia from the Middle East and East Africa. the state. Bot. to exist in the county by Early domesticates recorded from 300 BC in India and from 59 BC in China are likely to have been small, globular, and bitter (Wang et al. 1990). PLoS ONE 8(2): e57039. Solanum melongena in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. 2010. same length as the rays. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Ovary stellate-pubescent in the upper 1/4; style ca. Solanum melongena Eggplant origins: out of Africa, into the Orient. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Nees Solanum melongena var. Monogr. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Take a photo and In global terms 90% of production is concentrated in China, India, Egypt, Turkey, and Japan (Lucier & Jerardo 2006). Inflorescences apparently terminal or lateral, 6-15 cm long, not branched, with 1-8 flowers, 1-3 flowers open at any one time, moderately stellate-pubescent to glabrescent, unarmed; peduncle 0-80 mm long; pedicels 2-3.5 cm long in long-styled flowers, 0.8-2 cm long in short-styled flowers, erect to pendent, articulated at the base, moderately stellate-pubescent to glabrescent, with 0(-5) prickles; pedicel scars spaced 3-5 mm apart. is shown on the map. Cultivated worldwide in tropical and subtropical areas (in the temperate zone under glass); the greatest diversity of landraces and cultivars is found in Asia (India, China and southeast Asia), with secondary centres in the Middle East and around the Mediterranean.. populations both exist in a county, only native status Local Names. 2008 for a similar situation in the cultivated tomato, S. lycopersicum L., and its wild progenitor, S. pimpinellifolium L.); cultivated plants are in a completely different evolutionary environment with different selection pressures than their wild progenitors. Solanum melongena can be distinguished from S. aethiopicum by its mauve to purple corolla 2.5-5 cm wide and lobed for 1/4-1/3 of the way to the base (versus white corolla 0.8-1.8 cm wide and lobed for ca. This division is to a certain extent artificial, but we prefer to maintain the cultivated and wild forms as separate species (see also Peralta et al. With approximately 450 species, spiny Solanum species constitute the largest monophyletic group in the Solanaceae family, but a high-quality genome assembly from this group is presently missing. Vol. 2/3 of the way to the base in S. aethiopicum). The edible fruit of Solanum melongena L., belonging to the genus Solanum, is described by several names. Growth Form: Erect, branching herb up to 1.5 m tall. Syst. The transition from the vegetative to reproductive stage has been extensively investigated in tomato as i … Solanum melongena: inflorescence with 1-3 flowers, corolla 30–50 mm wide, purple to light purple, and berry 5–30 cm long, black, purple, pink, brown, yellow, or white (vs. S. carolinense, with the inflorescence with mostly 3–6 flowers, corolla 20–30 mm wide, … Discover thousands of New England plants. 467, 155-162 DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1998.467.17 Spec. Also covers those considered historical (not seen Solanum melongena can be distinguished from S. incanum by its lack of prickles or rarely straight prickles (versus curved prickles, rarely straight prickles in S. incanum) and moderate pubescence making the plant green-brown or reddish as herbarium specimens (versus dense pubescence making the plant pale yellow in S. incanum). (intentionally or Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Found this plant? you. Chronica Horticulturae 47(3): 16-22. 2020 Copyright: various copyright holders. Ghana: Atropo (Ga language, Hall & Bukenya 47135). Flora Zambesiaca. The first reports of the use of Solanum melongena as a … 0.9 cm long in long-styled flowers, broad and straight, moderately stellate-pubescent in the lower 1/2. J. G. Hawkes, R. N. Lester, M. Nee, and N. Estrada, 369-387. The origin of Solanum melongena is in Asia, but the exact place of domestication in not clear (see references in Knapp et al. L. E. All images and text © 5.  2013) which is part of the Old World Clade of the spiny solanums (Leptostemonum; Levin et al. unintentionally); has become naturalized. esculentum (Dun.) You must have JavaScript enabled to use this form. The inflorescence is a dense, compact, branched head consisting of 50-100 flowers at the ends of branches. Taxonomy of wild tomatoes and their relatives (Solanum sections Lycopersicoides, Juglandifolia, Lycopersicon; Solanaceae). County documented: documented African spiny Solanum (subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae): a thorny phylogenetic tangle. same length as the rays or elongated to 1 mm, with minute simple hairs, the prickles 1-3 mm long, less than 0.5 mm wide at base, straight, acicular, yellow-orange to dark brown, glabrous, spaced 10-50 mm apart; bark of older stems glabrescent, green-brown to dark brown. 84: 1-186. Taxon 59: 49-56. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Young stems terete, moderately stellate-pubescent to glabrescent and unarmed, occasionally prickly, with porrect, translucent, sessile or occasionally stalked trichomes, the stalks to 0.2 mm long, the rays 8-15, 0.3-0.7 mm long, the midpoints ca. in part by the National Science Foundation. insanum (L.) Banfi, Galasso & Bartolucci Solanum melongena var. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is related to a large number of wild species that are a source of variation for breeding programmes, in particular for traits related to adaptation to climate change. However, wild species remain largely unexploited for eggplant breeding. Bitter, G. 1923. 2008); the elongated fruit type is not recorded until the 16th century (Daunay & Janick 2007). 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