Find out more about our data sources. Along the Antarctic Peninsula , temperatures as high as 15 °C (59 °F) have been recorded, [ clarification needed ] though the summer temperature is below 0 °C (32 °F) most of the time. At an elevation of 2,835 meters (9,300 feet), South Pole Station has an average monthly temperature in the austral summer of -28°C (-18°F), and -60°C (-76°F) in the austral winter. The South Pole has an ice cap climate (Köppen climate classification EF). https://www.timeanddate.com/weather/antarctica/south-pole/climate The two expeditions started from Hercules Inlet a day apart, with Gamme starting first, but completing according to plan the last few kilometres together. For most purposes, the Geographic South Pole is defined as the southern point of the two points where Earth's axis of rotation intersects its surface (the other being the Geographic North Pole). For this reason, directions at the Pole are given relative to "grid north", which points northward along the prime meridian. In Antarctica, the average annual temperature ranges from -76 degrees Fahrenheit at the most elevated parts of the interior to 14 degrees along the … As the six-month "day" wears on and the sun gets lower, temperatures drop as well: they reach −45 °C (−49 °F) around sunset (late March) and sunrise (late September). Extreme and Average Wind Speeds for the South Pole. The lowest recorded temperature is -83 °C (-117 °F), while the highest is -12 °C (10 °F). South Pole, Antarctica - Travel and vacation weather averages, current conditions and forecasts. It was not until 31 October 1956 that humans once again set foot at the South Pole, when a party led by Admiral George J. Dufek of the US Navy landed there in an R4D-5L Skytrain (C-47 Skytrain) aircraft. Credit: Joe Mastroianni, National Science Foundation, Climate Kids is produced by the Earth Science Communications Team at, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory / California Institute of Technology. As the six-month "day" wears on and the sun gets lower, temperatures drop as well: they reach −45 °C (−49 … Antarctica - Climate data - Climate information and average monthly temperature, humidity, rainfall, snowfall, daylight, sunshine, UV index, and sea temperature for all cities and towns. Monthly: 1981-2010 normals So, different parts of Earth get the Sun's direct rays throughout the year. It sits atop a featureless, barren, windswept and icy plateau at an altitude of 2,835 metres (9,301 ft) above sea level, and is located about 1,300 km (800 mi) from the nearest open sea at Bay of Whales. After this, there is a 3 month period where the temperature rises to a peak and then drops again. Average High/Low Temperature: North Pole. Amundsen named his camp Polheim and the entire plateau surrounding the Pole King Haakon VII Vidde in honour of King Haakon VII of Norway. This 3-D topographical view of Antarctica gives an idea of its high elevations and mountains. Even in the driest month there is a lot of rain. The North Pole always points in the same direction during Earth's year-long journey around the Sun. Fifty-year Amundsen–Scott South Pole station surface climatology Lazzara et al ABSTRACT Fifty-four years of Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station meteorological data have been analyzed… Daily high temperatures decrease by 5°F, from 33°F to 28°F, rarely falling below 22°F or exceeding 38°F. Please wait… Weather reports from January 2020 in South Pole, Antarctica with highs and lows The hottest day of the year is January 5, with an average high of 33°F and low of 25°F. This is true even for the driest month. This lack of warmth from the sun, combined with the high altitude (about 2,800 metres (9,200 ft)), means that the South Pole has one of the coldest climates on Earth (though it is not quite the coldest; that record goes to the region in the vicinity of the Vostok Station, also in Antarctica, which lies at a higher elevation).[30]. The average temperature in Okinawa is 22.3 °C | 72.1 °F. [5][6] A new marker stake is designed and fabricated each year by staff at the site. [122800] Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval. But the South Pole is a lot colder than the North Pole. With an average winter temperature of -79° F, the South Pole is a great deal colder than the North Pole. The geographic coordinates of the South Pole are usually given simply as 90°S, since its longitude is geometrically undefined and irrelevant. The climate profile is taken from closest available data source to North Pole. [28] On 10 January 2020, Mollie Hughes became the youngest person to ski to the pole, aged 29. There have been many subsequent expeditions to arrive at the South Pole by surface transportation, including those by Havola, Crary and Fiennes. Subsequent to the establishment, in 1987, of the logistic support base at Patriot Hills Base Camp, the South Pole became more accessible to non-government expeditions. At the Faraday station, at 63° S on the Peninsula coast, it is only 11 K, but it is larger inland. Table of annual average and extreme temperatures for the Amundsen-Scott South Pole site. Due to its exceptionally harsh climate, there are no native resident plants or animals at the South Pole. Although that's the average, the air can—and does—move a whole lot quicker. The coldest month is January with an average maximum temperature of -18°C (0°F). On 9 January 1909, with three companions, he reached 88°23' S – 112 miles (180 km) from the Pole – before being forced to turn back.[16]. The is a great deal of rainfall in Okinawa, even in the driest month. [8] The precise location of the tent is unknown, but based on calculations of the rate of movement of the ice and the accumulation of snow, it is believed, as of 2010, to lie between 1.8 and 2.5 km (1.1 and 1.5 miles) from the Pole at a depth of 17 m (56 ft) below the present surface. However, it is always low in the sky, reaching a maximum of 23.5° in December, thanks to the 23.5° tilt of the earth's axis. The lowest temperature ever recorded at the South Pole was – 82.8°C on the 23 June 1982. Scott, accompanied by Ernest Shackleton and Edward Wilson, set out with the aim of travelling as far south as possible, and on 31 December 1902, reached 82°16′ S.[15] Shackleton later returned to Antarctica as leader of the British Antarctic Expedition (Nimrod Expedition) in a bid to reach the Pole. At the South Pole, all directions face north. The highest temperature ever recorded at the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station was −12.3 °C (9.9 °F) on Christmas Day, 2011,[33] and the lowest was −82.8 °C (−117.0 °F) on 23 June 1982[34][35][36] (for comparison, the lowest temperature directly recorded anywhere on earth was −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F) at Vostok Station on 21 July 1983, though −93.2 °C (−135.8 °F) was measured indirectly by satellite in East Antarctica between Dome A and Dome F in August 2010[37]). Okinawa climate summary The Okinawa lies on 69m above sea level Okinawa's climate is classified as warm and temperate. Antarctica weather information including average monthly temperatures (°F) and rainfall (inches) for select locations. Your home freezer is only about -15°C. Usa climate summary The Usa lies on 120m above sea level The climate in Usa is warm and temperate. At the South Pole, the highest temperature ever recorded was −12.3 °C (9.9 °F) on 25 December 2011. The US Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station was established by air over 1956–1957 for the International Geophysical Year and has been continuously staffed since then by research and support personnel. When it is permanently dark, the temperature is very stable. [10], In 1820, several expeditions claimed to have been the first to have sighted Antarctica, with the first[clarification needed] being the Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev. The Geographic South Pole is presently located on the continent of Antarctica, although this has not been the case for all of Earth's history because of continental drift. Why? By comparison, the South Pole, due to its lower elevation, is, on average, 5 to 10 °C (9 to 18 °F) warmer than Vostok, and the lowest temperature ever recorded at the South Pole is −82.8 °C (−117 °F). This month should be avoided if you are not a big fan of rain. Get the monthly weather forecast for Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, Antarctica, Antarctica, including daily high/low, historical averages, to help you plan ahead. The last month of the summer, February, is another freezing cold month in McMurdo, Antarctica, with temperature in the range of an average high of -6.3°C (20.7°F) and an average low of -11.6°C (11.1°F).In McMurdo, the average high-temperature decreases, from -0.2°C (31.6°F) in January, to a still subzero cold -6.3°C (20.7°F). [29], During the southern winter (March–September), the South Pole receives no sunlight at all, and from 11 May to 1 August, between extended periods of twilight, it is completely dark (apart from moonlight). [24], In the 2011/12 summer, separate expeditions by Norwegian Aleksander Gamme and Australians James Castrission and Justin Jones jointly claimed the first unsupported trek without dogs or kites from the Antarctic coast to the South Pole and back. The correlation of Southern Oscillation Index and the South Pole annual mean temperature in the following year, during 19956-1985, after Savage et al. The wind chill factor means that it can feel much colder. (He was unsuccessful. After this, there is a 3 month period where the temperature rises to a peak and then drops again. The snow reflects the sun's solar radiation, and this combined with the altitude (an average of 14,000 feet above sea level) makes the interior of Antarctica the coldest place on Earth. Extreme and Average Wind Speeds for the South Pole. Fifty-year Amundsen–Scott South Pole station surface climatology Lazzara et al ABSTRACT Fifty-four years of Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station meteorological data have been analyzed… The annual range of monthly mean temperatures depends on location. The Sun is always low on the horizon, even in the middle of summer. Spatial distribution of monthly surface air temperature deviation south of 60 o S in relation to the average for the period 1998-2006. The average temperature of Antarctica is about -49 degrees Celsius or about -56.2 Fahrenheit. The temperatures are state-wide averages calculated from data collected by weather stations throughout each state during the years 1971 to 2000 and made available by the NOAA National Climatic Data Center of the United States. Antarctica is dry—and high. Average (mean) temperature: North Pole: South Pole: Summer 32° F (0° C) −18° F (−28.2° C) Winter −40° F (−40° C) −76° F (−60° C) Earth's axis of rotation is tilted. It is located some meters from the Geographic South Pole, and consists of a metallic sphere on a short barber pole, surrounded by the flags of the original Antarctic Treaty signatory states. The polar ice sheet is moving at a rate of roughly 10 metres per year in a direction between 37° and 40° west of grid north,[3] down towards the Weddell Sea. Get the monthly weather forecast for Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, Antarctica, Antarctica, including daily high/low, historical averages, to help you plan ahead. [25][26][27], On 28 December 2018, the first Briton unassisted journey to cross the Antarctic via the south pole was performed by Captain Lou Rudd who became the second person to make the journey in 56 days. Boutique Travel Experts Providing Personalized Vacation Experiences Since 2002. For other uses, see, Southern point where the Earth's axis of rotation intersects its surface, First Argentine Overland Polar Expedition, "Sign at the (ever moving) actual geographical South Pole (a few feet away from the Ceremonial Pole)", "List of Historic Sites and Monuments approved by the ATCM (2012)", "Breaking news: Christian Eide bags the South Pole solo speed ski world record", "Canadians break speed record trekking to South Pole", "Capt Lou Rudd is first Briton to cross Antarctic unaided", "Woman is youngest to ski solo to South Pole", "The USAP Portal: Science and Support in Antarctica - Course Material", "Why is the South Pole colder than the North Pole? Average Pressure Files for monthly values. More recent buildings are raised on stilts so that the snow does not build up against their sides. [43] Scientists published in the journal Gondwana Research that evidence had been found of dinosaurs with feathers to protect the animals from the extreme cold. The lowest recorded Antarctic temperature was taken at Vostok Station in July 1983: -89.2°C (-128.6°F). The overland journey was never made. -16° July is on average the WARMEST month. This corresponds to light and dark. Average Monthly Change in Snowstake field 0.94 inches Extreme and Average Temperatures for the South Pole. Throughout the month of November daytime temperatures will generally reach highs of around -12°C that's about 10°F. So the ocean warms the air a bit. In Antarctica, the average annual temperature ranges from -76 degrees Fahrenheit at the most elevated parts of the interior to 14 degrees along the … It's not unusual to see speeds up to 100 mph, and the highest wind speed ever recorded on the continent was 199 mph! August is the most wet month. Off-course south polar skuas and snow petrels are occasionally seen there. Middle of summer (January) is the warmest time with averages of 1 to 2 °C (34-36 °C) and in June temperature drops to about -15…-20 °C (+5…-4 °F). [17] In 1978-79 Michele Eileen Raney became the first woman to winter at the South Pole.[18]. Most of Antarctica is a high, flat plateau of ice covered in snow throughout the year. However, the South Pole is a lot colder than the North Pole. The average temperature in Usa is 15.0 °C | 59.1 °F. Antarctica November weather - temperature, rainfall & sunshine. She made the journey in 39 days 9hrs 33mins. However, it is always low in the sky, reaching a maximum of 23.5° in December, thanks to the 23.5° tilt of the earth's axis. -16° July is on average the WARMEST month. This is because the US flies its resupply missions ("Operation Deep Freeze") out of McMurdo Station, which is supplied from Christchurch, New Zealand. Both the Arctic (North Pole) and the Antarctic (South Pole) are cold because they don’t get any direct sunlight. Check how hot & sunny in November 2021 in Antarctica ... (South Pole), Antarctica in November and the average monthly rainfall is 0mm. The South Pole, also known as the Geographic South Pole or Terrestrial South Pole, is one of the two points where Earth's axis of rotation intersects its surface. [42], In 2000 it was reported that microbes had been detected living in the South Pole ice. The lowest South Pole temperature is from June 23, 1982: -82.8°C (-1… The Antarctic is land surrounded by ocean. The lowest South Pole temperature is from June 23, 1982: -82.8°C (-1… The first men to reach the Geographic South Pole were the Norwegian Roald Amundsen and his party on 14 December 1911. Your home freezer is only about -15°C. US Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd, with the assistance of his first pilot Bernt Balchen, became the first person to fly over the South Pole on 29 November 1929. The average temperature of Antarctica is about -49 degrees Celsius or about -56.2 Fahrenheit. Weather reports from January 2020 in South Pole, Antarctica with highs and lows [2], After Amundsen and Scott, the next people to reach the South Pole overland (albeit with some air support) were Edmund Hillary (4 January 1958) and Vivian Fuchs (19 January 1958) and their respective parties, during the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition. At the Faraday station, at 63° S on the Peninsula coast, it is only 11 K, but it is larger inland. [21], The fastest unsupported journey to the Geographic South Pole from the ocean is 24 days and one hour from Hercules Inlet and was set in 2011 by Norwegian adventurer Christian Eide,[22] who beat the previous solo record set in 2009 by American Todd Carmichael of 39 days and seven hours, and the previous group record also set in 2009 of 33 days and 23 hours. The warm season lasts for 2.5 months, from November 21 to February 7, with an average daily high temperature above 24°F.The hottest day of the year is January 5, with an average high of 33°F and low of 25°F.. Most of Antarctica is a high, flat plateau of ice covered in snow throughout the year. Boutique Travel Experts Providing Personalized Vacation Experiences Since 2002. Dear Tom,What is the average date of the last 70-degree temperature of the year at Chicago?Hattie Milander, Oak BrookDear Hattie,In 92 years of temperature … The Geographic South Pole is marked by a stake in the ice alongside a small sign; these are repositioned each year in a ceremony on New Year's Day to compensate for the movement of the ice. Average Pressure Files for monthly values. At an elevation of 2,835 meters (9,300 feet), South Pole Station has an average monthly temperature in the austral summer of -28°C (-18°F), and -60°C (-76°F) in the austral winter. In the summer (September–March), the sun is continuously above the horizon and appears to move in a counter-clockwise circle. The Arctic is ocean surrounded by land. The average wind is 12 knots, but winds have exceeded 100 knots. The warmest month is July with an average maximum temperature of 22°C (71°F). Western coasts are warmest with 3 to 4 months with positive (above 32 °F) temperature and winter averages around -10 °C (14 °F). It is the southernmost point on the surface of Earth and lies on the opposite side of Earth from the North Pole. It's not unusual to see speeds up to 100 mph, and the highest wind speed ever recorded on the continent was 199 mph! [32] The North Pole is a few feet from sea level in the middle of an ocean. Loading weather data. Antarctica weather information including average monthly temperatures (°F) and rainfall (inches) for select locations. Scott and four other men reached the South Pole on 17 January 1912, thirty-four days after Amundsen. Antarctica sunrise & sunset times for November 2021. This location is classified as Cfa by Köppen and Geiger. The highest monthly average temperature in North Pole for July is 68 degrees; The lowest monthly average temperature in North Pole for January is -8 degrees; The most monthly precipitation in North Pole occurs in July with 4.7 inches; The air quality index in North Pole is 24% better than the national average Warm colours indicates areas with higher temperature than the 1998-2006 average, while blue colours indicate lower than average temperatures. Both the Arctic (North Pole) and the Antarctic (South Pole) are cold because they don’t get any direct sunlight. The average winter temperature at the South Pole is about -49°C. South Pole At the South Pole, 2,800 meters (9,200 feet) above sea level, the average annual temperature is -49 °C (-56 °F), ranging from about -28 °C (-18 °F) in January to about -59.5 °C (-74.5 °F) in July. LRO Diviner Lunar Radiometer Experiment surface temperature map of the south polar region of the Moon. In the summer (September–March), the sun is continuously above the horizon and appears to move in a counter-clockwise circle. This line of reasoning fails at the South Pole, where the sun rises and sets only once per year, and all lines of longitude, and hence all time zones, converge. When a longitude is desired, it may be given as 0°. The temperature at the South Pole station consists of 6 months when it is fairly stable from April to September. The South Pole is at an altitude of 9,300 feet (2,800 m) but feels like 11,000 feet (3,400 m). This corresponds to light and dark. Coordinates: 90°S 0°E / 90°S 0°E / -90; 0. Use this monthly calendar to view weather averages, such as average temperature 14 days ahead of today, as well as the historical weather patterns over the past year. )[14], British explorer Robert Falcon Scott on the Discovery Expedition of 1901–1904 was the first to attempt to find a route from the Antarctic coastline to the South Pole. Antarctica is considered as a desert since the precipitation is very low. Interestingly, the South Pole's high elevation means it doesn't get particularly high winds itself—the average wind speed there is only 12 mph. Find out more about our data sources. In 1914 Ernest Shackleton's Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition set out with the goal of crossing Antarctica via the South Pole, but his ship, the Endurance, was frozen in pack ice and sank 11 months later. The South Pole is colder than the North Pole primarily because of the elevation difference and for being in the middle of a continent. Station Data. [4] The sign records the respective dates that Roald Amundsen and Robert F. Scott reached the Pole, followed by a short quotation from each man, and gives the elevation as "9,301 FT.". Credit: NOAA, The blue ice covering Lake Fryxell in the Transantarctic Mountains comes from melted glacier water. Station Data. Call Us 1-888-268-9753 [7], The tent was erected by the Norwegian expedition led by Roald Amundsen on its arrival on 14 December 1911. [31] Centrifugal force from the spin of the planet pulls the atmosphere toward the equator. Monthly average temperature deviation in the United Kingdom 2015-2020 Average minimum and maximum temperatures in Australia 2015, by state Monthly average number of … The South Pole is at the centre of the Southern Hemisphere. Along the Antarctic Peninsula , temperatures as high as 15 °C (59 °F) have been recorded, [ clarification needed ] though the summer temperature is below 0 °C (32 °F) most of the time. In midsummer, as the sun reaches its maximum elevation of about 23.5 degrees, high temperatures at the South Pole in January average at −25.9 °C (−15 °F). This climate is considered to be Cfa according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Much of the sunlight that does reach the surface is reflected b… And the higher you go, the colder it gets. By Paul Homewood Back in 2012, a paper was published, analysing 54 years of climate data from the Amundsen-Scott Research Station at the South Pole. Well, the Poles are polar opposites in other ways too. These are the three areas that are most requested. The warmest month is July with an average maximum temperature of 22°C (71°F). [12], The basic geography of the Antarctic coastline was not understood until the mid-to-late 19th century. Interestingly, the South Pole's high elevation means it doesn't get particularly high winds itself—the average wind speed there is only 12 mph. The North Pole always points in the same direction during Earth's year-long journey around the Sun. The emperor penguin is one of a few species that can survive the harsh cold of Antarctica. The cold season lasts for 5.3 months, from April 17 to September 27, with an average daily high temperature below -1°F. At the South Pole, the highest temperature ever recorded was −12.3 °C (9.9 °F) on 25 December 2011. Throughout the month of November daytime temperatures will generally reach highs of around -12°C that's about 10°F. North Pole, USA: Annual Weather Averages. It has been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 80), following a proposal by Norway to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting. Seasons in the Antarctic Peninsula. [38] The former dome seen in pictures of the Amundsen–Scott station is partially buried due to snow storms, and the entrance to the dome had to be regularly bulldozed to uncover it. The first group of women to reach the pole were Pam Young, Jean Pearson, Lois Jones, Eileen McSaveney, Kay Lindsay and Terry Tickhill in 1969. On the return trip, Scott and his four companions all died of starvation and extreme cold. The average wind speed is 10.8 knots. Mean annual temperature at the South Pole is –49.5 °C (–57.1 °F).[38]. The average wind speed is 10.8 knots. The coldest month is January with an average maximum temperature of -18°C (0°F). In midsummer, as the sun reaches its maximum elevation of about 23.5 degrees, high temperatures at the South Pole in January average at −25.9 °C (−15 °F). Daily high temperatures decrease by 5°F, from 33°F to 28°F, rarely falling below 22°F or exceeding 38°F. Antarctica - Antarctica - Climate: The unique weather and climate of Antarctica provide the basis for its familiar appellations—Home of the Blizzard and White Desert. Rain may fall as snow in this month. North Pole climate summary The North Pole lies on 148m above sea level In North Pole, the climate is cold and temperate. That is why we have seasons! [23], The fastest solo (female), unsupported and unassisted trek to the south pole was performed by Hannah McKeand from the UK in 2006. Weather in February » [1] Along tight latitude circles, clockwise is east, and counterclockwise is west, opposite to the North Pole. There is no a priori reason for placing the South Pole in any particular time zone, but as a matter of practical convenience the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station keeps New Zealand Time (UTC+12/UTC+13). The lowest temperature ever recorded at the South Pole was – 82.8°C on the 23 June 1982. The lowest recorded Antarctic temperature was taken at Vostok Station in July 1983: -89.2°C (-128.6°F). 'S climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval monthly averages Moses Lake, -.... 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Other artificial features relative to `` grid North '', which points northward along the prime meridian journey in days. Hughes became the first woman to winter at the Faraday station, at 63° south pole average temperature by month on the return trip Scott. A lot colder than the North Pole. [ 38 ] December 2006 Pole points. Exceeded 100 knots dark red for the South Pole is -15.7°F ( -26.5°C ). 18... -89.6°C at Vostok station in 1983 polar skuas and snow petrels are occasionally there! This, there is a city with a significant rainfall 0°F ). [ 18 ] difference for. In 39 days 9hrs 33mins is 15.0 °C | 72.1 °F month should avoided!