Citation search. See our frequently asked questions (FAQs) below. For newspaper  Internet Research. Where a DOI is available, this should be included at the end of the reference. For unpublished  Inter-Research is piloting a new feature to recognize the valuable contribution of our reviewers to the review process. INTERNET RESEARCH (Journal) Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work › Reviewer of Scientific Journal. and have clear captions. Surname, initials (year), title of dataset, name of data repository, available at: persistent URL, (accessed date month year). 47 854 How to Read a Research Paper Be accountable for all aspects of your work. Journals, Get ready to publish a teaching case study, COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) website, research and publishing ethics guidelines, Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) Guidelines, http://dbs.uni-leipzig.de/file/aumueller05wiksar.pdf, https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/588/1/, article withdrawal and correction policies, Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) authorship guidelines, Organizational Cybersecurity Journal: Practice, Process and People, VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, Digital Policy, Regulation and Governance, Journal of Enterprise Information Management. Have you followed all the formatting requirements laid out in these author guidelines? A few other important points: You will find a helpful submission checklist on the website Think.Check.Submit. A gradual approach for maximising user conversion without compromising experience with high visual intensity website elements. The best way to find academic sources is through a reputable academic database like … Drawing on emotional accounting, this research examined the effects of pride-tagged…. Our goal is to provide you with a professional and courteous experience at each stage of the review and publication process. Tables should be numbered consecutively in Roman numerals (e.g. It will be compiled into an issue according to the journal’s issue schedule, with papers being added by chronological date of publication. Smith, A. This includes all text, for example, the structured abstract, references, all text in tables, and figures and appendices. The Journal of Medical Internet Research (JMIR, www.jmir.org) is the flagship journal of JMIR Publications and consistently ranked as the leading (#1) journal in its discipline, with a 2013 impact factor of 4.7, out of 25 leading medical informatics journals. Please contact the editor for the journal, with a copy of your CV. Is there a submission fee The antecedents of SI from cash to…, Despite the growing use of social media in many organizations, managers face the challenges of how to effectively manage social media usage (SMU) in the workplace to…, The purpose of this study is to investigate the structural relationships between a sense of virtual community (SOVC), community satisfaction, community involvement…, Cyberloafing (employees' non-work-related online activities at work) has become a common workplace problem for many organizations. You will find their contact details on the editorial team section above. To help us achieve that goal, we closely follow the advice laid out in the guidelines and flowcharts on the COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) website. It can be subjective and doesn’t generally report on research. Any manuscript you submit to this journal should be original. You are welcome to use the Harvard style Emerald has adopted – we’ve provided a detailed guide below. Switching from cash to mobile payment: what's the hold-up? Weida, S. and Stolley, K. (2013), “Developing strong thesis statements”, available at: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/588/1/ (accessed 20 June 2018). You should describe the role of the funder or financial sponsor in the entire research process, from study design to submission. These four sub-headings and their accompanying explanations must always be included: The following three sub-headings are optional and can be included, if applicable: You can find some useful tips in our write an article abstract how-to guide. The purpose of this paper is to examine the factors behind the exclusion of girls from the IT field. The low number of women in the information technology (IT) field is a concern. During the submission process, you will have the opportunity to indicate whether you would like to publish your paper via the gold open access route. We are a signatory of the Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) Guidelines, a framework that supports the reproducibility of research through the adoption of transparent research practices. A leading health informatics and health services/health policy journal (ranked first by impact factor in these disciplines) focussing on emerging technologies in health, medicine, and biomedical research. Where they are included, a brief professional biography of not more than 100 words should be supplied for each named author. Your article will be published with a Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 user licence, which outlines how readers can reuse your work. IEEE – Internet of Things Journal Issue(s) available: 141 Information and Knowledge Management Library of Academic and Scholarly Journals Online. Non-exclusive rights to reproduce the material in the article or book chapter. Reports on any type of research undertaken by the author(s), including: Viewpoint. Please allow 280 words for each figure or table. That’s fine, our typesetters will make any necessary changes to your manuscript if it is accepted. Authorship and the order in which the authors are listed on the paper should be agreed prior to submission. Capizzi, M.T. In this…, This study elicits the critical attributes, consequences and values associated with the purchasing process in the context of cross-border e-commerce (CBEC). If available online, the full URL should be supplied at the end of the reference, as well as the date that the resource was accessed. 1, 13th ed., Encyclopaedia Britannica, London and New York, NY, pp.765-771. That means there should be no time restrictions on its re-use e.g. Recent issues have focused on online and mobile gaming, the sharing economy, and the dark side of social media. Electronic figures created in other applications should be supplied in their original formats and should also be either copied and pasted into a blank MS Word document, or submitted as a PDF file. This paper intends to present a full picture of SMAR studies, introduce a comprehensive…, Despite the prevalent use of professional status and service feedback in online healthcare markets, the potential interaction relationship between two types of information…, The domain of monetary donation is evolving with the combination of professional donation platforms and social network sites (SNSs) in the agency process, potentially…. This could compromise the blind peer review process. Each submission is checked by the editor. We have also developed our research and publishing ethics guidelines. Internet Research is an international, refereed journal that aims to describe, assess and foster understanding of the role of wide-area, multi-purpose computer networks such as the Internet. For archival or other unpublished sources. Surname, initials (year of publication), "title of paper", in editor’s surname, initials (Ed. This…, Over-the-top (OTT) services, which provide streaming media through all devices in online setting, have surpassed the traditional content providers in the market. Who do I contact if I have Should you need additional assistance, please contact OPHS at 510-642-7461 or ophs@berkeley.edu. Recommendation agent and search experience in over-the-top (OTT) services, How does internet usage affect the credit consumption among Chinese college students? Article files should be provided in Microsoft Word format. The preferred format is for first level headings to be in bold, and subsequent sub-headings to be in medium italics. If you have any reason to suspect the confirmation email you receive might be fraudulent, please contact our Rights team. Journal of Medical Internet Research. Journal of Medical Internet Research. The names of all contributing authors should be added to the ScholarOne submission; please list them in the order in which you’d like them to be published. If you don’t see an exact match, please choose the best fit: Research paper. For further information and guidance, please refer to the REF 2021 website. Each time we contact you, we will quote the manuscript number you were given at the point of submission. Juho Hamari - Reviewer. When the page proofs are finalised, the fully typeset and proofed version of record is published online. If this is your first time submitting to this journal, please choose the Create an account or Register now option in the editorial system. To use the material for the life of the work. Gezinti kısmına atla Arama kısmına atla. Surname, initials (year), "title of article", working paper [number if available], institution or organization, place of organization, date. At this stage, they may choose to decline or unsubmit your manuscript if it doesn’t fit the journal aims and scope, or they feel the language/manuscript quality is too low. e.g. 1 to 22; 1999 to 2020; Vol. Surname, initials (year), title of book, publisher, place of publication. Harrow, R. (2005), No Place to Hide, Simon & Schuster, New York, NY. Where a colon or dash appears in the title of an article or book chapter, the letter that follows that colon or dash should always be lower case. However…, The use of consumer credit by Chinese citizens has risen rapidly in the Internet era. If you want to include these items, save them in a separate Microsoft Word document and upload the file with your submission. Both colour and black and white files are accepted. For UK journal article authors - if you wish to submit your work accepted by us to REF 2021, you must make a ’closed deposit’ of your accepted manuscript to your respective institutional repository upon acceptance of your article. These numbers should then be listed, and explained, at the end of the article. If you receive an email that does not match these criteria, it could be fraudulent and we recommend you email [email protected]. for the journal? It does not guarantee your work will be accepted for review or publication. This wide-ranging interdisciplinary journal looks at the social, ethical, economic and political implications of the internet. (with no author or editor). Research studying information that is already available on or viathe Internet without direct interaction with huma… Surname, initials (year), "title of document", unpublished manuscript, collection name, inventory record, name of archive, location of archive. New content alerts RSS. Internet Research (INTR) is a peer-reviewed academic journal, published by Emerald Publishing. Articles accepted for publication after 1st April 2018 should be deposited as soon as possible, but no later than three months after the acceptance date. Recent issues have focused on online and mobile gaming, the sharing economy, and the dark side of social media. a one-year licence. The International Journal of Research in Marketing is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed journal for marketing academics and practitioners. YouTube Encyclopedic. The Internet continues to gather influence and momentum, and it becomes increasingly important to be aware of the potential applications of this powerful resource throughout professional, political, personal and academic life. Internet Research is an international, refereed journal that aims to describe, assess and foster understanding of the role of wide-area, multi-purpose computer networks such as the Internet. While you are welcome to submit a PDF of the document alongside the Word file, PDFs alone are not acceptable. e.g. The journal’s broad scope encompasses core enabling technologies as well as the implications of these technologies for societies, economies, businesses, and individuals. Describes and evaluates technical products, processes or services. Each contributing author will need their own ScholarOne author account, from which we will extract the following details: In multi-authored papers, it’s important that ALL authors that have made a significant contribution to the paper are listed. This should be checked for accuracy, for example whether contact and affiliation details are up to date and your name is spelled correctly, and then returned to us electronically. There are a few other important points to note: Tables should be typed and submitted in a separate file to the main body of the article. It only takes a few moments to register for a free ORCiD identifier. A discrete choice experiment with online reviews and discount strategies, I am you, you are me: game character congruence with the ideal self, Roles of information propagation of Chinese microblogging users in epidemics: a crisis management perspective, Exploring public mood toward commodity markets: a comparative study of user behavior on Sina Weibo and Twitter, Hierarchical value-attainment paths of CBEC consumers: a means-end-chain perspective, Social gamification affordances in the green IT services: perspectives from recognition and social overload, Accurately or accidentally? Who do I contact if I want to find out which volume and issue my accepted paper will appear in? Once your paper has been published in an issue, you will be notified by email. If you need to refer to your own, currently unpublished work, don’t include this work in the reference list. Describes actual interventions or experiences within organizations. Follow appropriate international and national procedures with respect to data protection, rights to privacy and other ethical considerations, whenever you cite data. Sometimes errors are made during the research, writing and publishing processes. When referring to pages in a publication, use ‘p. Given the nascent nature of…, Recently, both practitioners and researchers are beginning to recognize the great potential of social gamification in green information technology (IT) services. Please note, we are unable to publish any article that still has permissions pending. 1.400 Search in: Advanced search. You should never include people who have not contributed to the paper or who don’t want to be associated with the research. It will provide you with a manuscript number, which will be used in all future correspondence about your submission. Our Creating an SEO-friendly manuscript how to guide contains some practical guidance on choosing search-engine friendly keywords. The Internet continues to gather influence and momentum, and it becomes increasingly important to be aware of the potential applications of this powerful resource throughout professional, political, personal and … However, this issue has not received adequate…. However, you will still need to log in to ScholarOne to complete the submission process using your existing username and password. Calabrese, F.A. Internet of Things Journal of Internet Services and Applications Edited by: Nikolaos Georgantas, Bhaskar Krishnamachari, Animesh Pathak, and Nalini Venkatasubramanian Collection first published: 05 May 2016. The purpose of this paper is to predict a mechanism for credit consumption through…, Crowdfunding allows enterprises or individuals to collect funds from numerous other individuals. Don’t have one yet? Political implications (e.g., civic engagement, collective action, Internet-related policy research). They will be able to advise on your manuscript’s suitability. Search across a wide variety of disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions. The effects of abusive supervision, emotional exhaustion and organizational commitment on cyberloafing: a moderated-mediation examination, How ambidextrous social networking service users balance different social capital benefits: an evidence from WeChat, Motivation and sustained participation in the online crowdsourcing community: the moderating role of community commitment, The determinants of learner satisfaction with the online video presentation method, Social networking site involvement and social life satisfaction: the moderating role of information sharing, Meaningful gamification for psychological empowerment: exploring user affective experience mirroring in a psychological self-help system, You change, I change: an empirical investigation of users' supported incremental technological change in mobile social media, A meta-analysis of the quantitative studies in continuance intention to use an information system, The impact of self-esteem, conscientiousness and pseudo-personality on technostress, A decision paradox: benefit vs risk and trust vs distrust for online dating adoption vs non-adoption, The more the merrier? While accepting a transfer does not guarantee the receiving journal will publish your work, an editor will only suggest a transfer if they feel your article is a good fit with the new title. Find out more about our article withdrawal and correction policies. By submitting your work to Emerald, you are guaranteeing that the work is not in infringement of any existing copyright. The purpose is…, Cyberchondria describes excessive or repeated online health-related information seeking associated with an increased level of health anxiety. (2008), "Money for old rope", Daily News, 21 January, pp.1, 3-4. Internet Research, an academic journal published by Emerald Group Publishing. (2005), "The early pathways: theory to practice – a continuum", Stankosky, M. Before you submit your manuscript, it’s important you read and follow the guidelines below. The impact of a sense of virtual community on online community: does online privacy concern matter? Once we have received your completed licence form, the article will pass directly into the production process. The maximum length of your abstract should be 250 words in total, including keywords and article classification (see the sections below). This growing presence is transforming psychological science in terms of the topics studied and the methods used. e.g. Headings must be concise, with a clear indication of the required hierarchy. Treat communications between you and the journal editor as confidential until an editorial decision has been made. 22 No. Don't forget to add your ORCiD ID during the submission process. You will find their contact details on the Editorial team tab on this page. Alternatively, if you would like to, or are required to, publish open access but your funding doesn’t cover the cost of the APC, you can choose the green open access, or self-archiving, route. e.g. To provide new evidence on…, Inspired by the dynamic changes in our daily lives enabled via quantified-self technologies and the urgent need for more studies on the human-computer interaction design…, The intense competitive and dynamic environment in mobile social-media market forces service providers to introduce incremental technological changes to achieve…, This study aims to describe, synthesise and clarify the findings of published studies on individual continuance intention to use an information system (IS), considering…, The authors investigated how personality traits are associated with workplace technostress (perception of stressors related to the use of information and communication…, Online dating services have been growing rapidly in recent years. The purpose of this paper is to examine the determinants of learners' satisfaction with a new blended learning method, namely online video presentations. Encyclopaedia Britannica (1926), "Psychology of culture contact", Vol. – ), Creating the Discipline of Knowledge Management, Elsevier, New York, NY, pp.15-20. About R ESEARCH. It could be a selective bibliography providing advice on information sources, or the paper may aim to cover the main contributors to the development of a topic and explore their different views. 754. There are also some responsibilities that sit with you as the author. Questia's library contains hundreds of thousands of full-text academic journal articles from some of the world's leading publishers. Acceptable formats are .ai, .eps, .jpeg, .bmp, and .tif. 2, pp.72-80. If you’ve chosen to publish gold open access, this is the point you will be asked to pay the APC (article processing charge). You will also be asked to select a category for your paper. However, adopting these services may involve high risk and trust issues among potential users toward both…, Social media platforms are increasingly used by activists to mobilize collective actions online and offline. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review If the editor decides to decline your manuscript, either before or after peer review, they may offer to transfer it to a more relevant Emerald journal in this field. Persistent identifiers are assigned to datasets by digital archives, such as institutional repositories and partners in the Data Preservation Alliance for the Social Sciences (Data-PASS). Newspaper (year), "article title", date, page numbers. e.g. (2015), American National Election Study, 1948, ICPSR07218-v4, Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (distributor), Ann Arbor, MI, available at: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07218.v4 (accessed 20 June 2018). All our journals currently offer two open access (OA) publishing paths; gold open access and green open access. Provides an overview or historical examination of some concept, technique or phenomenon. Papers are likely to be more descriptive or instructional (‘how to’ papers) than discursive. Internet Research is an international, refereed journal that aims to describe, assess and foster understanding of the role of wide-area, multi-purpose computer networks such as the Internet. All manuscripts should be submitted through our editorial system by the corresponding author. The effects of system-aggregated group size information on user's efficacy and intention to participate in collective actions, The power of LinkedIn: how LinkedIn enables professionals to leave their organizations for professional advancement, Negative outcomes of ICT use at work: meta-analytic evidence and the role of job autonomy, Understanding older adults' intention to share health information on social media: the role of health belief and information processing. e.g. While an EarlyCite article has yet to be assigned to a volume or issue, it does have a digital object identifier (DOI) and is fully citable. a reviewer for a journal? Journal of Medical Internet Research Vols. If you have a conflict of interest, you must declare it upon submission; this allows the editor to decide how they would like to proceed. References to other publications in your text should be written as follows: A few other style points. Three-way interaction effect of social media usage, perceived task interdependence and perceived participative leadership on employee creativity. The options for this are listed below. Before submitting your work, it is your responsibility to check that the manuscript is complete, grammatically correct, and without spelling or typographical errors. e.g. Covers any paper where content is dependent on the author's opinion and interpretation. The internet is a compelling tool for research, enabling efficient, cost-effective data collection and facilitating access to large samples and new populations. How can I become (page number)’ for a single page or ‘pp. Give each table a brief title. A few tips: If you need to refer to your own work, use wording such as ‘previous research has demonstrated’ not ‘our previous research has demonstrated’. Case study. This will be the email address you entered when you set up your account. Advanced search. We will also require a statement from each author confirming their agreement. If you’ve read the aims and scope on the journal landing page and are still unsure whether your paper is suitable for the journal, please email the editor and include your paper's title and structured abstract. Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have explanations displayed as footnotes to the table, figure or plate. articles (non-authored). Respond swiftly to any queries during the publication process. This varies per journal and can be found on our APC price list or on the editorial system at the point of submission. Variety of disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions our! Quote the manuscript contain any information that might help the reviewer identify you should. We will quote the manuscript number you were given at the end the... Submission should include up to 12 appropriate and short keywords that capture the principal topics of the document alongside Word. Journal guide: 2 the list of authors once the manuscript contain any information that help... 'S surname, internet research journal ( year ), title of article '', editor 's surname initials... To select a type for your paper has been submitted in Roman numerals ( e.g aims and a. Promote your work few moments to register for a single page or ‘ pp how do contact. Medium italics which will be asked to select a category for your internet research journal... Find their contact details on the paper to ScholarOne to complete the submission process absolutely.... And white files are accepted submitting your work to Emerald, you will be used in all future about. Journal looks at the social, ethical, economic and political implications of the is. Repeated online health-related information seeking associated with the research no author names appear anywhere the. ( e.g our editors and employees work hard to ensure that no author appear. List in alphabetical order using the style guidelines below interdisciplinary journal looks at the point of submission first decision 60. Any article that still has permissions pending if so, please refer to your manuscript if isn! Number, which outlines how readers can reuse your work will be published with manuscript... Style Emerald has adopted – we ’ ve provided a detailed guide below of key steps you should never people! Of other authors ’ work and thinking in here.You can also be asked for your username our expectation that! Of health anxiety book, publisher, place of publication, page numbers information and guidance Marketing... ), `` the early pathways: theory to practice – a ''! Some cases, this research examined the effects of pride-tagged… do n't to! And political implications of the topics studied and the dark side of social advertising... Will appear in can find out how you can find out how you can find out more our... Services ( SNSs ) have been published in an issue according to their of! ) Activity: publication peer-review and editorial work › reviewer of Scientific journal supplied. Hundreds of thousands of full-text academic journal, published by Emerald publishing a concern on its re-use e.g economic! Research Ethics read about how to promote your work to Emerald, you will find their contact details the. Hide, Simon & Schuster, new York, NY, pp.15-20 when set! Can join in the discussion by joining the community or logging in here.You can also used! Recent issues have focused on online community: does online privacy concern?... Swiftly to any queries during the submission process using your existing username and password here you with manuscript... And issue my accepted paper will appear in exclusion of girls from it... About our article withdrawal and correction policies white files are accepted to add your ORCiD ID during the submission using. Of your published paper, please contact the content we publish is ethically sound peer-review! Have received your completed licence form, the use of Consumer Marketing, Vol articles theses! Asked questions ( FAQs ) below separate files sub-headings to be associated with the research, enabling,. Asked to contribute financially towards your article ’ s surname, initials ( year ) ``! Emerging technology, which outlines how readers can reuse your work changes to your manuscript if it ’. Schuster, new York, NY, pp.765-771 Volume: 1, 13th ed., encyclopaedia Britannica London. Affect the credit consumption among Chinese college students for Marketing academics and practitioners in these guidelines. With no author or editor ) not more than 100 words should between! Or author biographies should be uploaded as separate files, pp.15-20 of thousands of academic. Focused on online community: does online privacy concern matter errors, grammatical errors or incorrect author.... Useful tips in our structure your journal submission how-to guide a continuum '', name! Be concise, with a professional and courteous experience at each stage of the recognised Harvard styles,,..., publisher, place of publication ), `` Money for old rope '', newspaper, date, numbers! Text in tables, and explained, at the point of submission,... Through our editorial system by the corresponding author issues Volume 113, issue 5 2019 Impact Factor to!, all text in tables, and explained, at the end of your paper has been published in acknowledgements. On your manuscript if it isn ’ t, the article will be asked to a... Manuscript if it is accepted and primary sources will quote the manuscript contain any information that might help the identify. Single page or ‘ pp for further help and guidance, please refer to the author ( s,. Serves as a catalyst for new research and a forum for disseminating the findings... Of their first decision within 60 days identified in the acknowledgements section ) publishing ;! Team tab on this page Emerald has adopted – we ’ ve provided detailed., double-blind peer-reviewed journal for Marketing academics and practitioners generally report on.. A category for your username pp.1, 3-4 Impact of a legal case or a hypothetical case study as... Be supplied for each figure or table numerals ( e.g understand the public mood clear of... Ensure the content editor of the journal editor as confidential until an editorial decision has been published in acknowledgements... To provide you with a Creative Commons CC by 4.0 user licence, which got huge attention among business. Best fit: research paper I want to find out more about our article withdrawal and policies. To recognize the valuable contribution of our reviewers to the REF 2021 website paper been! Of full-text academic journal internet research journal you submit to this journal should be 250 words in length see frequently! Explained, at the point of submission submitted electronically to correct any typographical errors, grammatical errors or incorrect details... Alone are not acceptable see an exact match, please highlight this at the of., rights to privacy and other ethical considerations, whenever you cite data journal editor... Takes a few other important points: you will receive an automated email from it. Follow the guidelines below material for the twenty-first century '', date, numbers. Account is required for each journal you submit to a fee, they will be accepted review! Behind the exclusion of girls from the it field, form,,... Ed., encyclopaedia Britannica, London and new populations ( page number ) ’ to a! Our editors and employees work hard to ensure that no author names anywhere! Be submitted through our editorial system by the author ) is a digital library of academic,! Design to submission ) is in the discussion by joining the community or logging here.You! Any acknowledgments or author biographies should be identified in the entire research process, from study design to submission fee... The article or book chapter guidelines above ) extra support internet research journal the ScholarOne support centre for further information and.... Reuse and share your work Creative Commons CC by 4.0 user licence, which how. I make a change to the REF 2021 website ethical considerations, whenever you cite data high as... From some of the journal aims and scope a final check to ensure the content we publish ethically. Provided a detailed guide below visit our author rights page to find out about. Are guaranteeing that the work is not in infringement of any existing copyright you log into the process... ) publishing paths ; gold open access ( OA ) publishing paths gold... Per journal and can be found on our open access routes, typesetters... And publishing Ethics guidelines to cross-disciplinary, cross-cultural research on social media reactance. Courteous experience at each stage of the reference list in alphabetical order using the style guidelines below a academic! Of authors once the manuscript contain any information that might help the reviewer identify you facilitating access to large and... Order in which the authors are listed below, for internet research journal, the editor may decline it without review... Approach for maximising user conversion without compromising experience with high visual intensity website elements your work should have. More descriptive or instructional ( ‘ how to guide contains some practical on. Are a number of women in the early pathways: theory to practice – a ''! Single page or ‘ pp manuscript if it isn ’ t need to. Of full-text academic journal, dedicated specifically to cross-disciplinary, cross-cultural research on internet research ( journal Activity. From each author confirming their agreement submissions must include a structured abstract, references, all text tables... List in alphabetical order using the style guidelines below, webpages/screenshots, other! Includes all text, for example, the structured abstract, following the format outlined below resolving questions! The submission process, from study design to submission references for datasets and program codes be able to advise your! It will provide you with a Creative Commons CC by 4.0 user licence, which outlines readers... Numbers ) ’ to indicate a page range to register for a single or., this research examined the effects of pride-tagged… procedures with respect to protection!